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"c." = within ten years before or after a date. Beginning dates are for when the mark was first used, or when it was first seen in ads or articles.
*DISCLAIMER: We try to publish accurate information; however, inaccuracies will occur.
-- see Uncas
-- see New England Glass Works
-- see New England Glass Works
see "Copyright" on this page.
see SCHOFFEL & CO., Austria
"C" with an arrow through it - side to side -- see Whiteside & Blank
C-A with arrow -- see Carl-Art
CB - stylized -- see Ballou, Caroline
C & C -- see Clark & Coombs
C & G Manufacturing Company, Inc. - see Chusmir and Goldenberg Mfg. Co.
CADORO -- Founded by actor Steve Brody & Dan Steneskieu, NY, NY -- 1945- c. 1980's
Mark: Cadoro -- used since 1955 Photo courtesy Linda Lange.
Mark: © Cadoro Courtesy justabunchawildflowers.
Mark: Nina Ricci for Cadoro -- 1964
C.R. Hettel Jewelry -- see Hettel
Caine, Shakira -- London, England; contemporary artist
Mark: Shakira Caine© Photo courtesy ID: justabunchawildflowers
Caine designs jewellery in collaboration with Mounir Srougi.
Her jewelry was sold through Harrods in 1993, and is available through exclusive outlets in London.
Also, designing for Franklin Mint --12/04.
Cali -- see Pascitelli
CALVAIRE, INC. -- NY, NY c. 1920 -- at least 1957
Mark: Calvaire Photo courtesy Ann Pitman.
Mark: "Le Petit Paris, Calvaire, Paris - New York" Courtesy Rita Perloff.
Mark: Calvaire in script Photo courtesy Robin Deutsch.
Mark: Sterling Calvaire Photo courtesy Mary Kay Bond.
Founded in early 1920's by two women, Ray Calish and Stella Aronson, as an importer of costume jewelry.
Before WWII owners traveled to Europe to purchase jewelry from different manufacturers, having their company name imprinted on it.
Most was probably purchased in France.
During WWII they purchased jewelry in the United States.
Information from article in Vintage Fashion & Costume Jewelry by Nancy Dearing Rossbacher.
CAMCO -- see Cathedral Art Metal Co.
CAPRI -- CAPRI JEWELRY, INC., 5th Ave., NY, NY c. 1952--1977
Mark: Capri with copyright mark Courtesy Vera Battemarco
Qwned by Sol Smith -- according to the Spring 1997 issue of VFCJ
Have ads from 1952, 1954, 1955, 1957, 1961, 1965 & 1977
Carence Crafters -- 1908
Mark: Photo courtesy Bonnie ID: bluebarn-maine.
Mark: Photo courtesy www.chicagosilver .com.
Mark: Photo courtesy www.chicagosilver .com.
Founded by R. D. Camp, C. D. Greene & J. H. Dunham in Chicago.
Were only in business for a few years.
CARL-ART INC. -- Providence, RI 1936 - until at least 1976
Mark: CA with an arrow going through them - 1937 Photo courtesy Lilly Vittetow.
Mark: Carl-Art sticker - 1937 Photo courtesy Lilly Vittetow.
Mark: C. A. with a curved arrow though it. Photo courtesy Nona Grampp
Mark: 1/20 12K G.F. on Silver, CA with arrow thorugh them. Photo courtesy Lilly Vittetow.
Mark: Demilo -- 1971
Mark: S/I within a circle -- 1976 US Trademark site
Mark: Little Angel Gift Sets - 1981 US Trademark site
Founded by Carl Schraysshuen and Arthur Loercher in 1936. They made and sold jewelry under their own name, but also made jewelry for other companies such as Walter Lampl.
Carl died in 1953 and his wife sold his half of the company.
Carl-Art, Inc. merged with Vargas Manufacuting by 1981; UNCAS purchased Vargas and it's building sometime after 1996.
All Carl-Art marks had expired or were cancelled by 1992
Information courtesy of Cheri Van Hoover, Linda Lange and RCJ.
Carlisle, NYC -- 1981 to present
Mark: Carlisle Courtesy Deborah Berry.
A company that sells clothes and accessories (including jewelry) "in-home" by consultants.
Founded in 1981 by Bill Rondina.
Info courtesty Robin Deutsch.
Mark: Hang tag with Carlyle in script
Photo courtesy Mary Baker; ID rockygems
CARNEGIE, HATTIE 1918-- at least 1979
According to WWD, Carnegie issued her first CJ collection in 1939, so none of her marked jewelry is older than that.
Mark: Carnegie (script)
Mark: HC in a diamond with an oval frame Photo courtesy Cathy Gordon. Visit her gallery to see examples.
Mark: Double Exposure 1948
Mark: Miss Hattie -- April 1958
Mark: Pooped Pussy Cat 1965
Mark: Pooped Poodle 1965
Mark: Hoff-Galant for Hattie Carnegie -- Sept. 1966 Vogue
Mark: Hattie Carnegie Photo courtesy Laura Libio.
Mark: Hattie Carnegie Courtesy Kathy Flood
Mark: Chrystya Olenska for Hattie Carnegie
Mark: Metal hangtag is probably c. 1970
Jules Van Rouge designed for Hattie Carnegie in 1975 -- this is according to Cosmopolitan Dec. 1975 issue
Mark: Yves Saint Laurent for Carnegie -- Dec. 1978
Mark: Anne Klein for Carnegie -- 1979
Mark: Valentino for Hattie Carnegie -- 1979
Acquired by Chromolloy American Corp. in 1976
Carnegie name was still being used in 1978--Vogue ad
Hattie Carnegie died in 1956.
Visit this site dedicated to Hattie Carnegie.
Mark: Carole, Inc. -- 1962 Photo courtesy eclecticgramma
Carol Dauplaise --see Dauplaise
Carol Henry -- see Henry, Carol
CAROLEE -- 1972 -- present
Mark: Carolee Courtesy RCJ, Photo courtesy Robin Deutsch
Founded by Carolee Friedlander in 1972.
Purchased by Retail Brand Alliance in 2001.
Caroline Ballou -- see Ballou, Caroline
Cassandra -- see CASTLECLIFF
CASSELL, BURT -- Providence, RI -- 1953
Mark: Burt Cassell Courtesy eclecticgramma
CASSINI, OLEG -- c. May 1965
Mark: Oleg Cassini Courtesy Lilly Vittetow
Have ads from 1964 & 1965
CASTLECLIFF Co., Inc. of NY c. 1918-1977
Mark: Castlecliff Sterling Photo courtesy Jennifer from Jennifer Lynn's Timeless Jewelry.
Mark: Cassandra 1957
Mark: Castlemark -- have ads from 1948, 1952 Photo courtesy MJ DeCourley.
Mark: Anne klein for Castlecliff -- 1977
Founded in 1918 by Clifford Furst & Joseph Bobley; Furst died in 1958.
Began marking their jewelry in 1941 after a court battle with Brier MFG. Co. over design patents.
Castlecliff manufactured their own jewelry.
Jeweler's Circular lists Castlecliff in 1977 as part of the Carnegie Industries Co.
Late 1980's company was taken over by Lucien Piccard Industries which included Pierre Cardin.
Castlecraft Jewelry -- Greencastle, IN
Mark: Castlecraft Courtesy Linda Lange
Founded by Charlie Ellis.
See Hillcraft Jewelry.
Castlemark -- see CASTLECLIFF
CATAMORE JEWELRY CO., INC., -- Christopher & Phyllis Catanzaro, East Providence, RI-- c. 1942-1981
Mark: Catamore. Photo courtesy Beth Rowlands.
Mark: John Grant Designs -- June 1970
Catamore purchased by Johnson Mathy LTD, a British metals supplier in 1981
Still listed as Catamore Co. in 1988
Ads seen for 1947 and 1963.
Cathe --CATHE JEWELS, INC., Torrence, Ca. -- June 1961
Mark: Cathe Courtesy RCJ
Cathedral Art Metal Co., Providence, RI -- 1920 to present (2/07)
Mark: © CAMCO -- first used 1930 Courtesy Karen Magill.
CAVINESS, ALICE -- c. 1945 -- out of business
Mark: Alice Caviness Photo courtesy of Gail Gupton. Photo courtesy Luda Tovey.
Mark: Alice Caviness Sterling Germany
Mark: "A.C., 1/20 12K G.F." * Courtesy Tammy Anderson Courtesy Denise Brownfield
Mark: Alice Caviness 1/20 12K G.F. Photo courtesy Jennifer of Jennifer Lynn's Timeless Jewelry .
Mark: Alice Caviness Sterling Photo courtesy Ann Robinson - ID: 9am.
Not all Alice Caviness jewelry was signed. *
Gold filled & sterling silver had an "A.C." engraved somewhere on the pieces, including on the end rings or spring rings, and had a name string tag.
* Info provided to Cathy Gordon by Millie Petronzio, current head designer at Haskell who worked at Caviness for 25 years.
Caviness died in 1983
C.D. Peacock -- see Peacock
Ceil Chapman c.1950's
Mark: ©Ceil Chapman Courtesy Kathryn of the-vintage-jewelry-advisor.com .
High fashion designer c. 1950's, whose name was evidently used on some cosutme jewelry pieces. This mark was found on a brooch.
CELEBRATING THE MILLENNIUM 2000 TWO THOUSAND YEARS - see Klitzner Industries, Inc.
CELEBRITY -- 34th Street in Brooklyn, NY -- c. 1971
Mark: Celebrity Photo courtesy Jo-Ann Sturko.
Mark: Celebrity Photo courtesy David Pritchett.
Mark: Celebrity ® RCJ
Mark: Celebrity, NY on an oval plaque
Mark: Celebrity with a copyright mark
Some pieces of jewelry were only marked with a hangtag.
Celebrity was sold through a home party plan.
Have an ad from 1971
Celia Sebiri -- see Sebiri, Celia
Cellini, Inc. -- Warwick, RI -- 1961 to present
Mark: Cellini in script on a slant --from US Trademark site Courtesy RCJ
This mark was originally registered by Coro in 1954, but was first used by them in 1942.
It is now owned by Cellini, Inc. and was last renewed in 2004.
Cellini -- see Automatic Gold Chain Co.
CELLINI, INC., 5th Ave., NY, NY
Their 1978 ad says "Jewelry By Precious Metal Craftsmen" and is for Sterling with 18k gold electroplate.
Mark: We're not sure which company used these marks: Courtesy Margot Walbourne Block letters Courtesy Manon Kavesky
Cellini's -- Florence, IT
Mark: Cellini's Silver 800 Florence Courtesy Manon Kavesky
Cerrito Jewelry Limited Inc. -- Johnston RI; 1977 -- present (7/05)
Mark: Cerrito RCJ
CHANEL -- 1914-1939, 1954-present
Mark: Photo courtesy Erik Yang.
Most early, some later pieces unmarked
CHANEL NOVELTY CO. 1941
Mark: "Chanel" in script. Not related to Maison "COCO" Chanel in Paris (see Reinad)
Charade -- see Trifari
CHAREL JEWELRY CO., INC., Brooklyn, NY -- July 1945
Mark: Charel Photo courtesy Victoria James
See "Copyright" on the "C" page for more information.
Charles Armour c 1924 - ?
Mark: Courtesy Lisa Riccardi
Clothing manufacturer with his own jewelry line.
Charles Rothman Co.; c. 1950's - c. 1900's - Providence, RI
Mark: Karen Lynne Key Quality 1954; 1st renewal 1976, now dead
Mark: K.L and gold filled mark
Mark: Karen Lynne and gold filled mark on foil hangtag
Mark: Clifford Sterling - 1983; cnacelled 1991
Mark: Oscar Charlin.
DeLizza & Elster did a lot of their designing and manufacturing.
Chatani Pearls LTD. by Haskell
This is not a mark of the Miriam Haskell company.
Chiffon -- see MARVELLA
Chech -- see Czechoslovakia
Checho -- see Czechoslovakia
Checho Slov -- see Czechoslovakia
Chico's - 1983 to present
Mark: Courtesy Sande Kattau
No sure when they started their line of jewelry.
Have ad June 1966
CHRISTIAN DIOR -- see Dior, Christian
Christian Lacroix -- see Lacroix
Christina -- contemporary made in China
Chusmir and Goldenberg Mfg. Co., Providence, RI; 1920 - mid 1950's
Manufacturers of white metal, white stone jewelry, rhinestone jewelry, novelties. (Rainwater)
Listed in a 1920 state of RI factory inspection report.
Founded by Morris Chusmir.
Chuven, Murry-- Newark NJ -- c. 1950
Ciani, Inc. Corporation - NY, NY
Mark: Ciani- first used on jewelry 1976 US Trademark site
Mark: Ciani 14K Sterling Courtesy Maida Webster
Mark: Ciani within oval - 1976 US Trademark site
Ciani - see Monet
Mark: Photo courtesy Erik Yang.
CINER MANUFACTURING CO., NY, NY -- 1892---present
Mark: Ciner with ®
Mark: First used in commerce 1892, filed in 1949; 3rd renewal 2009; live Courtesy RCJ
Mark: Ciner © Photo courtesy Laura Libio.
Mark: Ciner Sterling Photo courtesy Jennifer of Jennifer Lynn's Timeless Jewelry.
Mark: Courtesy RCJ -- MC inside a large, elongated "C"pointed at the top and bottom (seen in 1934 Jewelry Trade Mark Book)
Mark: Madame Butterfly - used only on rings - Jewelers Circular Publishing Company, 1922
Mark: The Love Knot - used only on rings Jewelers Circular Publishing Company, 1922
Mark: The Princess - used only on rings Jewelers Circular Publishing Company, 1922
Mark: The Minerva
Mark: Mayfair -- used only on rings -- seen in 1934 Jewelry Trade Mark book.
Mark: Courtesy RCJ - filed 1993; cancelled 2005
Founded in 1892 by Emanuel Ciner
Currently owned by members of the Ciner family: Pat Ciner Hill.
CINERAMA -- Cranston, R.I. -- 1966 -- present (3/06)
Ralph Rafaelian, President.
CINI 1922-1979, 1993-present (Chee-nee)
Guglielmo Cini designer jewelry from 1922 until his death in 1979.
Guglielmo Cini, Cini Sterling Photo courtesy Alison's Antiques & Vintage Jewelry on Ruby Lane
Mark: Courtesy Elaine Fontes
Mark: G. Cini Sterling Courtesy Margot Walbourne
His granddaughters Amy & Molly have a contemporary Cini business where they sell vintage Cini piece and re-casts of original designs.
CIRCLE JEWELRY PRODUCTS, NY, NY -- 1958 -- ?
Mark: GOLDETTE NY ©-- Oct. 1958 Photo courtesy eclecticgramma.
Mark: ©Goldette Courtesy Linda Lange
Mark: ©Goldette Courtesy Lilly Vittetow.
Mark: Goldette ® Courtesy RCJ
Owned by Ben Gartner
CIRO PEARLS LTD., 1917 until present, London, England
Mark: Ciro inside a scalloped cartouche -- Sept. 1916 according to Dolan; but the company website gives 1917 date as when founded.
Mark: Ciro -- block print -- May 1917
Mark: CP England Courtesy Mary Walden_Till
Mark: Ciro 9ct England - notice octagon shaped screwback; unsigned earrings have been found in original Ciro presentation boxes Courtesy ID the_lady_of_silver
Began selling CJ in Canada in 1921, until 1989
In 1994 the UK business went into receivership and was bought by John Shannon.
"Ciro Jewelry", CIRO OF BOND STREET, INC., NY, NY (same company as above -- opened in 1938 in NY)
Mark: Ciro - typed print 1938
Mark: Ciro -- script -- first used in 1938 Courtesy RCJ
Mark: Cirolite -- first used in 1970
Mark: Ciro with a crown over the "C" Courtesy Cheri Van Hoover
Mark: Ciro signature plate over a Swoboda signature. Swoboda manufactured some jewelry for Ciro. Courtesy Robin Miller
Mark: Burma 1990
Mark: Ciro with a crown inside the "O" - 1993; mark may have never been used Courtesy RCJ
Edcar & Associates of New York is the exclusive global licensee ''Ciro Jewelry'' , except for Western Europe.
CIS -- Countess Cis Zoltowska
Mark: Stamped "CIS" under a crown Photo courtesy Lee Kalmus.
Mark: Cis of Paris
Mark: Countess Zoltowska
Mark: Hand painted "Cis"
Mark: Hand painted "Cis" with a crown
Mark: Stamped "Cis"
Mark: Ink signature "Cis"
Mark: "Z" under a crown Courtesy Erik Yang
Cissy began hand-making making jewelry in the 1940's.
The Countess died June, 2004.
Claiborne, Liz -- contemporary company est. 1976
Mark: ©Liz Clairborne, Inc. Photo courtesy Lilly Vittetow.
Mark: LCi inside a triangle.
Mark: Photo courtesy Lilly Vittetow.
Mark: LC in script Photo courtesy Jennifer from Jennifer Lynn's Timeless Jewelry.
Monet Group, which includes Trifari and Marvella was bought by Liz Claiborne in July 2000 and moved out of the country
Claire Deve -- see Deve, Claire
Clara Studio, Inc -- 1979 -- Long Island, NY
Mark: Clara Studio Courtesy Carol Hearn
Mark: Asymmetry - early 1990's
Founded by Clara Kasavina-Berger
Clark & Coombs 1872-present; Providence, RI
Mark: C & C, with C's in triangles; 1st use 1923; cancelled in 1988.
Founded in 1862 or 1872 in North Attleboro, MA, by William Clark, JR. & ? Coombs; moved to NYC and then to RI.
Claudette -- see PREMIER JEWELRY CO., INC., NY, NY -- Dec. 1945-?
Clifford Sterling - see Charles Rothman Co.
Clift - Jim Clift Design -contemporary - Coventry, Rhode Island
Mark: Clift Pewter Courtesy Lilly Vittetow
Founded by Jim Clift - contemporary designer in pewter
Climatest see FORSTNER--FORSTNER CHAIN CORP
Cloisart -- see Klitzner Industries, Inc.
Co-Star -- see W&H Jewelry
COLE, DIONNE -- DIONNE COLE, INC., 5th Ave., NY, NY -- early 1970's to late 1970's
Mark: Dionne Cole -- engraved
Mark: DIONNE COLE in print on paper tags adhered inside bracelets.
Handmade pieces of german silver and copper.
Advertised in major fashion magazines and sold through major department stores.
At the end of the 1970's stopped making costume and began making precious jewelry into the 1990's.
Information graciously given to Dotty Stringfield by Dionne Cole 3/13/06.
COLE, ELLEN -- ELLEN COLE FASHIONS, 5TH Ave., NY, NY
Have ad from 1946 -- 24K goldplate on Sterling
COLLETTE c. 1959
Collins, Jeep - see Jeep Collins
COLONY DESIGNS c. June 1966
Comet -- see SWAROWSKI
Comstock Creations; Duango, CO - 1982 to present
Mark: Comstock, CCI© Photo courtesy ID: justabunchawildflowers
Founded by Don Muchow
Continental Jewellery, Inc.; 1943-1997; Montreal, Canada
Mark: Continental Photo courtesy Jo-Ann Sturko.
Founded by Sam Baker and Sol Mayoff
Sold to an Asian company in 1997.
Information courtesy Nancy Bohm.
Copperwood -- see RENOIR
Coppolae e Toppo c.1949 -- 1986
Mark: Coppola e Toppo Photo courtesy Luda Tovey.
Founded by Lyda Coppola Toppo in 1946 in Milan, Italy.
She died in 1972, but the firm didn't close until 1986.
Copyright Mark ©
In 1947 the U.S. Congress expanded copyright laws to include illustrations of merchandise and designs for art works. In 1955 a Federal judge ruled that costume jewelry designs were "works of art", and therefore should be accorded the protection of the US copyright laws (based on lawsuit that Trifari won against Charel in 1955). Most costume jewelry having the copyright mark was made after 1955. However, there were exceptions -- some companies, such as Coro, may have been using this mark as early as 1947; and some jewelry marked Korda (made in the late 1930's and early 1940's just prior to WWII). The copyright mark found on Korda items protect the movies which inspired the designs--in other words, the copyright protects the movie and not the jewelry designs.
Cordell Jewelry Mfg. Co. -- Providence, RI-- 1960 - 1964?
Info provided by Sammie.
Cordina -- see Cordell Jewlery
Mark: Corel -- registered in 1971 by Richton who owned Coro -- see Coro
Mark: © Corel Courtesy Mary Nefzger
Coronado -- see UNCAS
Correani, Ugo -- Italy
Mark: Photo courtesy Cathy Gordon.
Mark: Photo courtesy Cathy Gordon.
Corsini -- see UNCAS
Court Jester -- see CORO
COVENTRY, SARAH -- 1949- c. 1984; 2000 - 10/08
Mark: "SC" used after 1953
Mark: Sarah Cov. with © preceding the name Photo courtesy Pam Brooks.
Mark: Sarah in a diamond shape ©
Mark: Sarah in upper case block letters with ©
Mark: Sarah Cov on a diamond shaped hangtag late 1950's -- around 1980 -- used more on delicate chains and beads
Mark: Sarah Cov / SC on mirror shaped hangtag with ©, 1960's & 1970's, for pendant chains.
Mark: Sarah coventry with © --known to be used during 1970's.
Mark: Sarah in upper case block letters without the ©
Mark: SaC abbreviation for Sarah Coventry; not Sarah Ann Coventry--her real name is Sarah Coventry Beale. Photo & info courtesy Debbie Robinson.
Mark: sarah cov
Mark: ©COVENTRY RCJ
Mark: "Canada, ©Sarah" and the hangtag shown -- 1970's RCJ
Mark: Sarah Cov. Courtesy justabunchawildflowers
Mark: Sarahglo -- Jan. 1961--used on jewelry cards and boxes.
Mark: Sarahsheen -- Jan. 1961 --used on jewelry cards and boxes.
Mark: LC -- first used March 1965 only on the jewelry boxes, not on the jewelry.
Mark: Lady Coventry -- March 1965 --used on jewelry cards and boxes. Courtesy RCJ
Mark: Lord Coventry --used on jewelry cards and boxes.
Box from Fashion Parade line courtesy Dinah Taylor
Sarah Coventry made sterling flower of the month pins in the late 1960's: carnation, violet, daisy, daffodil, lily of the valley, rose, lily, chrysanthemum, gladiolus, aster, calendula, and poinsettia.
Watches were sold in inexpensive stores during the 1980's and 1990's.
Founded by Charles H. Stuart in Newark, NY
Dorothy Rainwater states that Stuart filed for bankruptcy in March 1981, home parties ended in 1984.
The name Sarah Coventry name was bought by Lifestyle Brands, Ltd. in 1987. They tried home parties in 1994, but the venture only lasted
about 6 months. In 2002, they had jewelry that was exclusively sold through Home Shopping Network (HSN).
2003 -- Sarah Coventry started selling through a home party plan (current as of 7/04)
Much information and most photos courtesy of Debbie Robinson. Sarah Conventry Jewelry
Cradle Craft -- see VARGAS
Craft -- see GEM-CRAFT Corp.
Craftmere -- Ansul-Craft, Ltd.; Providence, RI; 1963 -- ?
Mark: Craftmere - first used in 1963 Courtesy Linda Lange
Craftsman -- see GEM-CRAFT Corp.
CRCo -- see Reis Co.
Creazioni Raffaello, Inc. -- Puerto Rico
Mark: Raffaello with Creazioni above and Italy below -- first used 1972. Courtesy Plenty O'Jewels@Rubylane.
Crest Craft Inc. - Cincinnati, OH - 1945 to present
Make jewelry for awards & recognition.
CRISLU -- 1961 --present
Started in 1961 by Lloyd Crisfield, who is currently the CEO.
Jewelry is sold in high end department stores and boutiques, and includes sterling, "estate" type and contemporary jewelry.
Info courtesy of Cheri Van Hoover & Robin Deutsch; photo by Cheri Van Hoover.
Crosby -- A. Cohen & Sons Corp., NY
Mark: Crosby -- 1937 Courtesy Plenty O' Jewels.
Crystal Magic -- see Royal Bead
"M" Photo courtesy RCJ
Crystogem -- see UNCAS
Curtman (Curtis Creations); Providence, RI; 1936-- see Uncas
Mark: A hand holding a ball with "C.C." on it.
Curtis Jewelry Manufacturing Co., Inc.-- Providence, RI
Mark: first used 1950 Photo courtesy Linda Lange.
Made sterling and gold filled jewelry.
Curvo-gram -- see Anson
Czech -- see Czechoslovakia
Czecho -- see Czechoslovakia
Czechoslovakia -- many marks used
Mark: Czechoslovakia Courtesy Deb Schneider
Mark: Made In Czechoslovakia Courtesy Cynthia Fore Miller Courtesy Cat Thompson
Mark: Czecho Slov
Mark: Made in CzechoSlov. Courtesy Brenda Forman
Mark: Importe' de Tschecoslovaquie -- on items imported to France
Mark: Slov 12K Courtesy Carolyn Sunday
Czechoslovakia was formed in 1918. The jewelry industry was most active from then until 1939 when exports were stopped by the Germans. Czechoslovakia was separted into 2 countries 1/1/93 -- The Czech Reputlic and The Republic of Slovakia.
Read an article on Czech Saphitet Glass by Diane DeMango.
PAT SEAL: research files
DOTTY STRINGFIELD: research files
LUCILLE TEMPESTA: owner-publisher of the Vintage Fashion & Costume Jewelry Magazine
BOBYE SYVERSON: research files.
A TRIBUTE TO AMERICA by Carla and Roberto Brunialti
AMERICAN COSTUME JEWELRY by Carla and Roberto Brunialti
AMERICAN JEWELRY MANUFACTURERS by Dorothy T. Rainwater
COLLECTIBLE COSTUME JEWELRY by Cherri Simonds
COLLECTING COSTUME JEWELRY 101 By Julia Carroll
COLLECTING COSTUME JEWELRY 202 By Julia Carroll
COLLECTING RHINESTONE COLORED JEWELRY by Maryanne Dolan
COPPER ART JEWELRY by Burkholz and Kaplan
COSTUME JEWELRY A PRACTICAL HANDBOOK AND GUIDE by Fred Rezazadeh
COSTUME JEWELRY (2nd Ed.) by Harrice Simons Miller
EUROPEAN DESIGNER JEWELRY by Ginger Moro
INSIDE THE JEWELRY BOX By Ann Pitman
MASTERPIECES OF COSTUME JEWELRY by Ball and Torem
MID-CENTURY PLASTIC JEWELRY By Susan Klein
MIRIAM HASKELL JEWELRY by Cathy Gordon and Sheila Pamfiloff
OLD JEWELRY by Jeanenne Bell
WARMAN'S JEWELRY 2nd Ed. by Christie Romero
WARMAN'S JEWELRY 3rd Ed. by Christie Romero